A system developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that depends on passwords and symmetric cryptography (DES) to implement ticket-based, peer entity authentication service and access control service distributed in a client-server network environment.
Jitter or Noise is the modification of fields in a database while preserving the aggregate characteristics of that make the database useful in the first place.
Inference Attacks rely on the user to make logical connections between seemingly unrelated pieces of information.
(cryptographic) hash functions are used to generate a one way “check sum” for a larger text, which is not trivially reversed. The result of this hash function can be used to validate if a larger file has been altered, without having to compare the larger files to each other. Frequently used hash functions are MD5 and SHA1.
The gethostbyaddr DNS query is when the address of a machine is known and the name is needed.
False Rejects are when an authentication system fails to recognize a valid user.